Comics in teaching mathematics: A design experiment

Toh Tin Lam

National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore


Education theories and practices have pointed to the advantages of teaching academic subjects through lessons that use comics for instruction. This lecture shares the author’s experience in a series of research projects carried out in Singapore schools on using comics for instructions for mathematics lessons for low progress learners in Singapore schools. The research uses design experiment as the backbone of the development phase of the research projects. We test the theory on the use of comics for mathematics instruction, conceptualizes a design to test the theory and implement it in the authentic school context. Based on the findings on the research phase, the design was fine-tuned to further address the shortcomings of the initial design and perform a second iteration of the implementation. The lecture will present details of both the development and research phases, and implications of the research findings will be discussed.


Cite this as:
Toh, T. L. (2019). Comics in teaching mathematics: A design experiment. Keynote presented at 7th South East Asia Design Research International Conference (SEA-DR 2019) in Sanata Dharma University, Yogyakarta. Retrieved from