Three USD PBI-ers, namely Ajeng Pradhipta and Voni Novita, both of batch 2014, and a lecturer attended a conference and presented a paper entitled Noun Phrase Patterns and Definition Consistencies of Flower Names in Advanced English Learners' Dictionaries at the Second International Conference on Language and Linguistics (ICLL) 2015 in Davao, Philippines on 6-7 August 2015. The conference was organized by the University of Southeastern Philippines (USeP) and the Linguistic Society of Mindanao (LSM). And below is the abstract of the paper presented by Barli, Ajeng and Voni.
The study aims to examine noun phrase patterns and definition consistencies of flower names in English provided by two online advanced learners’ dictionaries. In the context of language learning, complex noun phrases might be problematic for English learners and the uses of hyponymy and hypernymy in dictionary definitions may prove to be inconsistent. In semantics, the term hyponym refers to “a word of more specific meaning than a hypernym or a superordinate term applicable to it” (OALD); the noun eagle is a hyponym of bird, for example. The term hypernym or superordinate refers to “a word with a broad meaning constituting a category into which words with more specific meanings fall” (OALD). For instance, flower is a hypernym of tulip. Data consisting of lexical items – flower names and their respective definitions or meanings were collected from two online English-English dictionaries, namely the Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary (OALD)and Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary.
The collected lexical items, approximately 40 flower names, were examined to identify noun phrase patterns or structures used in the definitions and to discover whether or not the definitions (hyponym-hypernym relations) in the two dictionaries were consistent. The findings showed that the basic noun phrase pattern was premodifier+headword+postmodifier and that there existed inconsistencies in the definitions.
It is expected that the study results would assist learners of the English language to understand better the patterns and definitions of flower names which will then improve the learners’ noun phrase mastery and semantic knowledge, particularly hyponymy and hypernymy.
The powerpoint slides of the presentation is viewable or downloadable at Presentation Slides for ICLL 2015 USeP Davao. Thank you.